POLITIChESKAYa SISTEMA AFGANISTANA: VOZDEJSTVIE PLEMENNOJ ORGANIZACII
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POLITIChESKAYa SISTEMA AFGANISTANA: VOZDEJSTVIE PLEMENNOJ ORGANIZACII
Annotation
PII
S086919080000619-7-1
Publication type
Article
Status
Published
Edition
Pages
137-149
Abstract
Owing to preservation by the Afghani state of features of the union of tribes a political system has appeared to be penetrated by tribal institutes. The local community based on kinship connections (clan) and relations "patron-client", became apart of the political system. In particular, during the constitutional period of 1963-1973 leaders of local communities began to use new, just the appeared forms of activity - became deputies of parliament and resorted to creation of political parties that opened before them new sources of resources and benefits. In 1980th they became warlords. The governor of the State reminded a khan distributing resources. The state had been borrowed tribal institutes, in particular, jirgas. The Afghani tribes had tax privileges. Up to the middle of the XX century the armed formations of the tribes surpassed the governmental army in force. Now warlords collect taxes, have their own armed formations and become proprietors of mass media.
Date of publication
01.03.2008
Number of purchasers
1
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307
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