Table of contents
Publication type
Tibet is one of the most strategically important regions of the People's Republic of China (PRC). It can be called the hydro-donor for the whole of the South and South-East Asian regions. Such great rivers as the Indus, Brahmaputra, Mekong, Salween, Yellow, Yangtze, Red and, Black rivers and their tributaries originate in the Tibetan plateau. According to some date around 85 percent of Asia's population uses water resources that originate in Tibet. This specifi cs indeed makes Tibet one of the most important components in global geopolitical game. The PRC faces serious shortages of water, which will only increase with the lapse of time. Water shortages will be among the most important problems in India, Pakistan, Burma, Thailand, Vietnam and other countries of the region too. Within this context water lever could become of the most effective leverages to keep the countries of the region so to say within the friendly orbit with the PRC and minimize possible drift towards potential geopolitical rivals of China. To make hydro-politics more effective China should establish more close relations with Nepal and Laos. With Nepal China could be able to exercise hydro-infl uence on the Ganges river basis and without Laos its hydropolicy in Indochina will be of a seasonal nature. However, in any case socioeconomic development of Tibet itself is the key factor of Chinese hydro-politics. Tibet thus becomes crucial component of strengthening Chinese competitiveness in global geopolitical struggle. Without this region the PRC will be unable to become a pole in the global geopolitical system.
Date of publication
Number of purchasers
Readers community rating
0.0 (0 votes)
Cite Download pdf 100 RUB / 1.0 SU

To download PDF you should sign in

Full text is available to subscribers only
Subscribe right now
Only article and additional services
Whole issue and additional services
All issues and additional services for 2011


Additional sources and materials

1. Babayan D. "Gidropoliticheskoe oruzhie": kitajskaya versiya//Mezhdunarodnye protsessy. 2003. Yanvar'-fevral'. № 1.
2. Babayan D. Podnebesnaya gidropolitika//Nezavisimaya gazeta. 13.09.2006(1).
3. Babayan D. Podnebesnaya i Tsentral'naya Aziya//Svobodnaya mysl'. 2006(2). № 11-12.
4. Volkov A. V ozhidanii pustyni//Znanie-sila. 2001. № 10.
5. Druzhba. 6.05.1956.
6. Luzyanin S. Dialog aziatskikh gigantov//Nezavisimaya gazeta. 18.01.2002.
7. Nekhvatka vodnykh resursov uzhe stala odnim iz glavnykh faktorov, obuslovlivayuschikh sotsial'no-ehkonomicheskoe razvitie//Mezhdunarodnoe radio Kitaya (<http://russian.cri.com.cn/russia/2002/Mar/45201.htm>). 23 marta 2002.
8. Sosednie strany obvinyayut Kitaj v katastroficheskom obmelenii Mekonga//GreenMedia.info (<http://>www.greenmedia.info/10118 <http://www.greenmedia.info/10118>, 8 aprelya 2010).
9. Sotsial'no-ehkonomicheskaya geografiya zarubezhnogo mira/V.V. Vol'skij, A.S. Naumov, A.S. Fetisov i dr. M.: Kron-press, 1998.
10. Uinnington A. Tibet. Rasskaz o puteshestvii/Per. s angl. V.L. Kona. M.: Izd. inostrannoj literatury, 1958.
11. Yusov B. Tibet, fiziko-geograficheskaya kharakteristika. M.: Gos. izd-vo geograficheskoj lit-ry, 1958.
12. Annual Reports 2000-2001. Ministry of Defence. Government of India//<http://mod.nic.in/reports/welcome>. html
13. Baldinger P., Turner J. Crouching Suspicions, Hidden Potential, United States Environmental and Energy Cooperation with China. Woodrow Wilson Center. Washington DC, 2002.
14. Beware Of Water Wars//The Times of India (<http://timesofi> ndia.indiatimes.com/Editorial/TOP_ARTICLE_ Beware_Of_Water_Wars/articleshow/3747837.cms). November 24, 2008.
15. Bhardwaj Priyanka. India plays down Chinese incursions//Asia Times (<http://www.atimes.com/atimes/South_>Asia/KJ07Df04.html). October 7, 2009.
16. Business Line. Financial Daily from the Hindu Group of Publications (<http://www.blonnet.com/>businessline/2001/11/12/stories/141256l3.htm, November 12, 2001).
17. Chellaney Brahma. Averting Asian water wars//The Japan Times (<http://www.phayul.com/news/article.aspx>? article=Averting+Asian+water+wars&id=22912&t=1&c=4). October 2, 2008.
18. China builds world's highest dam, India fears water theft//Asia News (<http://www.asianews.it/news-en/China->builds-world's-highest-dam,-India-fears-water-theft-18230.html). April 24, 2010.
19. China dam breach caused Arunachal fl oods//Assam and the Northeast (<http://www.axom.faithweb.com/fl> ood/jul1.html). July 6, 2000.
20. China economic news in brief: Tibetan medicine giant, hydropower station//Xinhua (<http://news.xinhuanet>. com/english2010/china/2010-11/17/c_13610836_2.htm). November 17, 2010.
21. China Plans to Invest $42 million for Nationwide Water Cleanup//China Daily (www1.chainadaily.com.cn/news/2002-05-08/68475.html). May 8, 2002.
22. China Prepares for Gigantic New Power Station//People's Daily (<http://english.peopledaily.com.cn/200104/12/>eng20010412_67504.html). April 12, 2001.
23. China responsible in using upper Mekong water resources: FM spokesman//Xinhua (<http://news.xinhuanet>. com/english2010/china/2010-11/18/c_13612510.htm). November 18, 2010.
24. China to almost double railway investment in 2009//Xinhua (http://news.xinhuanet.com/english/2008-12/31/content_10587052.htm). December 31, 2008.
25. China to boost water infrastructure construction to better cope with disasters: ministry//Xinhua (<http://news>. xinhuanet.com/english2010/china/2010-03/28/c_13228077.htm). March 28, 2010.
26. China to link Nepal with Tibet railway line//Zee News (<http://www.zeenews.com/South-Asia/2008-04-25/>438911news.html). April 25, 2008.
27. China to pump 21.3 bln yuan into huge water diversion program in 2009//Xinhua (<http://news.xinhuanet.com/>english/2009-01/28/content_10728073.htm). January 28, 2009.
28. China to strengthen water control in light of shortage//Xinhua <http://news.xinhuanet.com/english/2009-02/14/>content_10820160.htm). February 14, 2009.
29. China Warned of Water Crisis by 2030//People's Daily (<http://english.peopledaily.com.cn/200206/06/>eng20020606_97285.shtml). June 6, 2002.
30. China, India vow to expand trade, economic co-op//Xinhua (<http://news.xinhuanet.com/english/2008-01/14/>content_7421020.htm). January 14, 2008.
31. China's energy: continuous struggle with shortage//China Daily (<http://www.chinadaily.com.cn/english/>doc/2005-10/03/content_482503.htm). October 3, 2005.
32. China's water resources imbalances to aggravate: offi cial//Xinhua (<http://news.xinhuanet.com/english2010/>china/2010-10/07/c_13545962.htm). October 7, 2010.
33. China's Water Shortage to Hit Danger Limit in 2030//People's Daily (<http://english.peopledaily.com>. cn/200111/16/eng20011116_84668.shtml). November 16, 2001.
34. China's Tibet Facts & Figures//Beijing Review (<http://www.bjreview.com.cn/special/tibet/txt/2008-04/17/>content_110776.htm). April 17, 2008).
35. China's Tibet sees booming trade with Nepal, India//Xinhua (<http://news.xinhuanet.com/english2010/>business/2010-10/28/c_13580195.htm). October 28, 2010.
36. Chinese dam will not impact fl ow of Brahmaputra: Krishna//The Indian Express (<http://www.indianexpress>. com/news/chinese-dam-will-not-impact-fl ow-of-brahmapu/609953/). April 22, 2010.
37. Chinese River in Heilongjiang Dries up as Drought Intensifi es//Agence France Press. Beijing. 7.08.2000.
38. Chinese Vice Premier urges increased efforts to build south-to-north water diversion project//Xinhua (<http://>news.xinhuanet.com/english2010/china/2010-10/10/c_13549371.htm). October 9, 2010.
39. Comprehensive Assessment of the Freshwater Resources of the World. Stockholm Environmental Institute, 1997.
40. Controversial Plan to Tap Tibetan Waters//China.Org (<http://www. href='contents.asp?titleid=14405' title='China Journal'>China.org.cn/english/MATERIAL/177295>. htm). August 7, 2006.
41. McCartan Brian. When the Mekong runs dry//Asia Times (http://www.atimes.com/atimes/Southeast_Asia/LC13Ae01.html). March 13, 2010.
42. Mcelroy Damien. China planning nuclear blasts to build giant hydro project//The Telegraph. October 22, 2000.
43. Military Power of the People's Republic of China 2000, Annual Report to Congress. (Ezhegodnyj doklad ministra oborony SShA kongressu o voennoj moschi Kitajskoj Narodnoj Respubliki za 2000). Offi ce of the Secretary of Defense. Washington, 2000.
44. Moin Ansari. Water wars: India attacks Pakistan with Water again-fl ash fl oods 57 villages//Rupee News (<http://rupeenews.com/2008/08/18/water-wars-india-attacks-pakistan-with-water-again-fl> ash-fl oods-57-villages/). August 18, 2008.
45. Muhammad Azam Minhas. Water war against Pakistan//The Post (<http://thepost.com.pk/OpinionNews>. aspx?dtlid=189777&catid=11). October 30, 2008.
46. Murray H. The Common Stream//Far Eastern Economic Review. February 21, 1991.
47. Offi cials fear clashes over limited water Summer of 2009 looks to be long and dry//The Bangkok Post (<http://>www.bangkokpost.com/news/local/11720/offi <http://www.bangkokpost.com/news/local/11720/offi> cials-fear-clashes-over-limited-water). February 16, 2009.
48. Pradhan B.K., Shrestha H.M. A Nepalese Perspective on Himalayan Water Resources Development//The Ganges-Brahmaputra Basin: Water Resource Cooperation Between Nepal, India, and Bangladesh/Ed. by D.J. Eaton. Austin: University of Texas at Austin, 1992.
49. Preparing For New Challenge: The Mekong Interim Committee Annual Report 1991. Mekong Secretariat, Bangkok, Mekong Commission, 1991.
50. President on Population Control, Resources and Environmental Protection//China Daily (www.chinadaily <http://www.chinadaily>. net). March 12, 2001.
51. Qiren Zhou, Marilyn Beach, and Zhao Baoqing. (R)evolution of Rural China. China Environment Series. № 5, 1999.
52. Rajan, D. China: Media Anger on Arunachal Pradesh Continues Unabated//South Asia Analysis Group (SAAG) (<http://www.southasiaanalysis.org/%5Cpapers33%5Cpaper3260.html>). Paper № 3260. June 18, 2009.
53. Ramachandran Sudha. China opens a new front in Kashmir//Asia Times (<http://www.atimes.com/atimes/>South_Asia/KJ21Df02.html). October 21, 2009.
54. Ramachandran Sudha. India quakes over China's water plan//Asia Times (<http://www.atimes.com/atimes/>China/JL09Ad01.html). December 9, 2008.
55. Red River Delta Farmers Boast Productivity, Spur Development//Viet Nam News (<http://vietnamnews>. vnagency.com.vn/2001-01/16/Stories/02.htm). January 17, 2001.
56. Remarks by the President to the Joint Session of the Indian Parliament in New Delhi, India, Parliament House, New Delhi, India//The White House, Offi ce of the Press Secretary (<http://www.whitehouse.gov/the-press->office/2010/11/08/remarks-president-joint-session-indian-parliament-new-delhi-india). November 8, 2010.
57. Report warns of drastic glacier shrinkage in China//Xinhua (<http://news.xinhuanet.com/english2010/china/>2010-10/08/c_13547872.htm). October 8, 2010.
58. Rethink export policy//China Daily (<http://search.chinadaily.com.cn/isearch/i_textinfo.exe?dbname=cndy_p>rintedition&listid=3646&selectword=LAOS;). March 25, 2000.
59. Seminar on Environment and Development in Vietnam. Workshop Session "Damming the Mekong -Implications for Vietnam". December 6-7, 1996//<http://coombs.anu.edu.au/~vern/env_dev/abs/sem13.html>
60. Sustainable Development of the Ganges-Brahmaputra Basins. International Water Resources Association//<http://www.iwra.siu.edu/committee/ganges-forum.html>
61. SW China's Tibet uses 150% more foreign capital in 2009//Xinhua (<http://news.xinhuanet.com/english2010/>china/2010-01/28/c_13154941.htm). January 28, 2010.
62. The Chenab River And U.S. Pressure on Pakistan//Moon of Alabama (<http://www.moonofalabama>. org/2008/09/the-chenab-rive.html). September 15, 2008.
63. The Indus Water Dispute -Syed Zain ul-Arifeen Shah//Chup (<http://changinguppakistan.wordpress>. com/2008/10/22/the-indus-water-dispute-syed-zain-ul-arifeen-shah/). October 22, 2008.
64. The Statement of His Holiness the Dalai Lama on the Fiftieth Anniversary of the Tibetan National Uprising Day//Tibet Today (<http://www.tibetoday.com/His+holiness+statement+on+50th+tibetan+uprising+day.htm>). March 10, 2009.
65. Tibet Looking to More Border Trade//People's Daily (<http://english.peopledaily.com.cn/other/archive.html>). May 23, 2002.
66. Tibet posts strong foreign trade growth despite riot impact, surpassing $500 mln//Ministry of Commerce of the People's Republic of China (<http://english.mofcom.gov.cn/aarticle/newsrelease/commonnews/200901/2009010>6001271.html). January 12, 2009.
67. Tibet: A Human Development and Environment Report. Department of Information and International Relations. Central Tibetan Administration. Dharamshala, 2007.
68. Tibet's 5th civil airport begins operations//Xinhua (<http://news.xinhuanet.com/english2010/china/2010-10/>30/c_13583257.htm). October 30, 2010.
69. Tibet's fourth civil airport opens//Xinhua (<http://news.xinhuanet.com/english2010/china/2010-07/>02/c_13379811.htm). July 2, 2010.
70. Tibetan Farmers Choosing Spouses in Wider Areas//China Tibet Information Center (<http://www.tibetinfor>. com/en/news/2001/05/c052303.htm). May 25, 2001.
71. Tiwari Ravish. India, China renew Brahmaputra pact//The Indian Express (<http://www.indianexpress.com/>news/india-china-renew-brahmaputra-pact/612817/). April 29, 2010.
72. US to Have Sustained Interests in South Asia: Blackwill//Hindustan Times (www.hindustantimes.com/nonfram/040202/dlnat17.asp). February 4, 2002.
73. Verghese B.G. Waters of Hope: Himalaya-Ganga Development and Cooperation for a Billion of People. New Delhi: Oxford and IBH Publishing, 1990.
74. Viet Nam steps up rural industrialization//China Daily (<http://www1.chinadaily.com.cn/cndy/2002-06->04/72252.html). June 4, 2002.
75. Viet Nam, Laos vow to speed up execution of bilateral agreements//Viet Nam News (<http://vietnamnews>. vnagency.com.vn/2001-07/19/Stories/01.htm). July 20, 2001.
76. Wang Weiluo. Water Resources and the Sino-Indian Strategic Partnership, Big Country, Small World//China Rights Forum. 2006. № 1.
77. Waqar A. Water: Another tool of Indian pressure//Pakistan Observer (<http://pakobserver.net/200810/05/>Articles05.asp, October 5, 2008).
78. Water crisis brings struggle for survival//Xinhua (<http://news.xinhuanet.com/english2010/china/2010-03/>22/c_13220269_3.htm). March 22, 2010.
79. Water Resources of India. Ministry of Water Resources, Government of India//<http://wrmin.nic.in/resource/>default3.htm
80. Water War in South Asia? Brahmaputra: Dam & Diversion//The South Asia Politics. October 2003.
81. Watts J. Chinese engineers propose world's biggest hydro-electric project in Tibet // The Guardian (<http://>www.guardian.co.uk/environment/2010/may/24/chinese-hydroengineers-propose-tibet-dam <http://www.guardian.co.uk/environment/2010/may/24/chinese-hydroengineers-propose-tibet-dam>). May 24, 2010.
82. Wong Ed. Uneasy Engagement. China and India Dispute Enclave on Edge of Tibet//The New York Times. 3.09.2009.
83. 857m for highway construction in Tibet//China Daily (<http://www.chinadaily.com.cn/china/2009-02/21/>content_7499527.htm). February 21, 2009.
84. 1000 lakes in China disappear in half century//Xinhua (<http://news.xinhuanet.com/english/2006-11/01/>content_5277993.htm). November 1, 2006.
85. mln hectares of arable land polluted in China//Xinhua (<http://news.xinhuanet.com/english/2006-11/10/>content_5312582.htm). November 10, 2006.


No posts found

Write a review