TORGOVOE PREDPRINIMATEL`STVO V STAROM KITAE: KUL`TURNO-CIVILIZACIONNY`J ASPEKT
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TORGOVOE PREDPRINIMATEL`STVO V STAROM KITAE: KUL`TURNO-CIVILIZACIONNY`J ASPEKT
Annotation
PII
S086919080000617-5-1
Publication type
Article
Status
Published
Edition
Pages
34-45
Abstract
The article contains a comparative analysis of the key civilizational and cultural characteristics of trade entrepreneurship in Qing China and Western Europe in the 19th - the early 20th centuries. Being based on the wide range of works of Russian and foreign diplomats, businessmen and travelers, the research discovers that Chinese trade firms created a special type of economic behavior and business rationality, which was completely different from the one of Western Europe, but appropriate to the old Chinas society institutionally, spiritually and religiously. However, under the great powers active expansion in the Far East and Chinas integration in international economic relations in the second half of the 19th - the beginning of the 20th century, the Confucian ethics, as an ideological basis of Chinese entrepreneurship, became an objective obstacle to the technological progress and could not facilitate formation of capitalist relations in the country. This circumstance had a negative impact on stability of Chinas economic and political construction, having failed to respond adequately to the challenge of time, which led to the severe social cataclysms in the beginning of 20th century and as a result - to the downfall of the Qing Empire.
Date of publication
01.09.2011
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