ANTHEMS OF TAMIL BHAKT POETS AND THEIR AUDIENCE: FROM TEXT TO CONTEXT
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ANTHEMS OF TAMIL BHAKT POETS AND THEIR AUDIENCE: FROM TEXT TO CONTEXT
Annotation
PII
S086919080000616-4-1
Publication type
Article
Status
Published
Edition
Pages
64-71
Abstract
The religious movement of Tamil Bhakti fl ourished in South India during early medieval period. This movement gave birth to the two literary traditions - of Nayaṉar (adepts of Hindu god Śiva) and Āḷvar (adepts of Hindu god Viшнu). The hymns of Nayaṉar poets, glorifying god Śiva, formed a sacred canonical corpus of texts called Tirumurṟai. An important characteristic of the Nayaṉar's poetry (especially of the hymns belonging to the authors of the famous collection of hymns Tevaram) is that it was openly aimed at shaping the collective religious consciousness of its audience. This article presents a brief research in the religious-cultural context of the Nayaṉar's hymns in the process of communication between the poets and their audience. The religious hymn is analyzed as not only poetical text but as a “verbal event” including the “communicative situation” of the poet, his audience and god Śiva. Hymns of the famous Nayaṉar poet Sambandar are analyzed with using the linguistic-poetical method of the verbal event including its six primary functions formulated by Roman Yakobson.
Keywords
India, Shivaism, Tamil Bhakti, Nayanars, communicative-pragmatic method of poetic analysis
Date of publication
01.03.2014
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0
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760
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